UN mission chairman, Marzuki Darusman, has declared for the first time explicitly that Myanmar military had carried out a brutal campaign against the Rohingya Muslims and has called for the officials of Myanmar to face genocide charges. The UN mission has concrete evidence based on 875 interviews with various witnesses and the poor victims which were verified by satellite imagery, photos and videos that the actions done by the military against the Rohingyas square up to the gravest crimes against humanity. It was this torture that had forced around 700,000 Rohingya to fled their homes to the neighbouring countries in August 2017.
Marzuki stated that the Myanmar military had shown complete disregard to human rights and had indulged in extreme brutality. The chairman said the community faces a continuous oppression from birth to death. The assessment based on the findings of multiple researches points that crimes against Rohingya fall in the same bracket and completely satisfy the legal definition used in various places like Bosnia, Rwanda and Darfur region of Sudan.
The report has named the military generals of Myanmar which also includes the Commander-in-Chief Min Aung Hlaing, should face prosecution for his genocidal intent in Rakhine, in addition to various war crimes against humanity in Shan and Kachin. The report has thus put Tatmadaw in the centre of allegations along with other security agencies of the country. The report has stated clearly, “Military necessity would never justify killing indiscriminately, gang-raping women, assaulting children, and burning entire villages”. The brutalities inflicted on innocent people are blown out of proportion to the security threats both in the state of Rakhine and northern Myanmar.
The mission has reached conclusion that “The crimes in Rakhine state, and the manner in which they were perpetrated, are similar in nature, gravity and scope to those that have allowed genocidal intent to be established in other contexts”. Thus, the mission stated that it had enough evidence to prosecute the military command of the country.
Myanmar has not signed the Rome Statute and thus does not come under the jurisdiction of International Criminal Court.