President Trump’s infamous travel ban aimed at people from various Muslim-majority countries will face its first major battle with US Supreme Court as justices will hear various challenges to the lawfulness of the same. The case is important as it will seek to challenge the extent of Presidential power as it goes into an argument on the third category of the travel ban policy of Trump.
The travel ban announced by Trump in last September has put ban on entry to US on people from various Muslim nations like Iran,Syria, Libya, Yemen and even Somalia. The legal merits of the previous versions of travel bans imposed by the Trump administration which also included to revoke legal protection for young immigrants who are known as Dreamers and were brought to US via illegal ways as children, were never decided by the High Court. Trump administration’s immigration policies also involve taking actions against various cities and states to give protection to immigrants are the most intense.
The main challenger is the state of Hawaii which has rested its argument on the fact that the ban stands in contradiction to the federal immigration law and the US Constitutional provision of governmental favouring of one particular religion over another. Hawaii has stated that the ban has divided families and is an attack on the basic value system as it is directed against specific people who have been marginalised.
President Trump has however stated that the ban is essential to protect the US from the threat of Islamic terrorism. Another argument raised by the challengers stems from the fact that the ban is based on Trump’s particular enmity towards Muslims. In defence of the ban, the Trump administration has cited a waiver which allows entry to people from targeted communities if they meet specified criteria. The Justice Department has however stated 375 waivers were granted last month.
There is a ban on North Korea and Venezuela as well but the latter has not been challenged in the court.